We couldn’t exist without a protein-rich diet – proteins are essential for metabolism and control much more than just muscle building.
A Protein-Rich Diet Is Vital
In addition to carbohydrates and fats, proteins are one of the main components of human nutrition. Our body consists of around 20% protein, which, like fats, is subject to constant build-up and breakdown. But in contrast to fats, which the body can do without, at least temporarily, the protein supply must not be interrupted because it controls various body functions.
The result of a protein-rich dietIngested proteins naturally have a completely different amino acid combination than our body’s proteins and are broken down into their components, i.e. the individual amino acids in the digestive tract by certain enzymes and, to put it simply, reassembled according to the absorbing body. Some amino acids, the so-called non-essential amino acids, are formed in this way; the body cannot form others; they must be supplied through a protein-rich diet.
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Energy Reserves For Everybody
Everybody stores protein – even if some proteins are deficient, for example. However, it happens that the body is supplied with too much protein through a particularly protein-rich diet – the body ultimately burns off this excess. The protein in the human body, like fat, provides energy.
However, this energy is only used when there is a lack of fats or carbohydrates in the body, for example. Then, for example, after a lot of fat has already been broken down, muscle proteins can also be broken down, and the reduction in muscle mass results in weight loss. The subject is extraordinarily complex, and significantly when interfering with the metabolism through a protein-rich diet, you have to know whether you are accessing fat or muscle reserves.
Excellent Protein Suppliers – Biological Value
You have to know that nature’s construction kit composes the proteins from the various amino acids – the protein itself is not the vital factor. The closer the amino acid protein-rich diet comes to the amino acid pattern of your own body, the higher its biological value. A whole egg is used as the measuring factor; its biological value has been defined as 100.
Other excellent protein suppliers are, for example, meat (biological value = 80), fish (approx. 70), turkey meat (approx. 70), potatoes (75), legumes (approx. 70), dairy products (approx. 80). However, it is also essential to know that the combination of these products often increases the value.
Differences Between Vegetable And Animal Protein
Human metabolism usually copes much better with vegetable protein than with a protein-rich diet from purely carnal sources. The energy expenditure in processing the plant protein is lower and enables the body to build up energy reserves. It should also be borne in mind that many animal proteins also contain high fat and cholesterol levels. The combination of different proteins from the diet can significantly increase the biological value. For example, potatoes and eggs, or cereals and milk in variety, have a higher value than the sum of the individual foods.
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