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Muscle Tear: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

What Is A Muscle Tear?

A muscle tear, or strain, is a physical issue to the muscle or the intersection among muscle and ligament (musculotendinous). If prolongation arises, it may be harmless, following an unnecessary extension of some muscle strands. It can likewise be more serious when the muscle is, to some degree or torn. Of the time, known as a “strain,” a muscle tear most usually influences the calf, thigh, back, shoulder, hamstrings, or the muscles between the ribs (intercostals).

This injury is broad in competitors, particularly in football, sports, running, badminton, tennis, and crossfit. Starting treatment for muscle tears is rest, ice, height, pressure, and recovery. Notwithstanding, the total tear can be dealt with carefully in the most extreme cases.Muscle tears should not be mistaken for body hurts or muscle injuries. The last option is standard in competitors and straightforwardly influences the muscle, with muscle agony and hematoma.

The Musculotendinous Junction

The musculotendinous intersection is the point of interaction between muscle and ligament, where the power is sent between the two tissues. This is where most muscle tears happen in competitors. Most muscle wounds of this sort can be forestalled by rehearsing muscle-fortifying activities, including exceptional work.


Symptoms of muscle tearing vary depending on the severity of the injury and may include the following:

  • Muscle pain on palpation.
  • Pain is accentuated by stretching and contraction of the muscle.
  • Redness or hematoma.
  • Limited movements, with muscle stiffness.
  • Swelling with edema.
  • Muscular weakness.
  • Sometimes an audible “clicking” sensation.

Muscle tear symptoms can be more or less severe, depending on the extent of the injury :

  • Grade 1 compares to a “light” year, influencing just a little piece of the muscle strands. There is no deficiency of solidarity or reach, just muscle touchiness that shows the day after the movement.
  • Grade 2 compares to a “moderate” tear, with roughly 50% of the muscle filaments torn. The aggravation is prompt, joined by enlarging and loss of solidarity.
  • Grade 3 relates to the “serious” tear, where all the muscle filaments are torn. The aggravation, the enlarging huge, and the deficiency of practically all-out strength is extraordinary.

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When Should You Consult?

If you have a muscle injury causing significant pain, and home remedies do not provide relief within 1-2 days, you should see your doctor. If you cannot walk or move your arm or have severe swelling accompanied by severe pain or bleeding, it is best to see your doctor immediately.

How To Diagnose A Muscle Tear?

To analyze a tear, your primary care physician will heed your side effects and perform an actual assessment. During the assessment, deciding if the muscle is, to some degree, torn is fundamental, which might include a more drawn-out or more limited recuperating time and variable treatment. If you question the earnestness of the muscle injury or the doubt about another pathology, your PCP might have a plan of action for an extra assessment, like an ultrasound or X-ray.

Causes And Risk Factors

Muscle tears tend to occur when the muscle is subjected to an excessive pulling force, resulting in damage to the muscle fibers, with possible rupture. The tear can occur suddenly, in the event of a violent contraction with significant muscle stretching, or gradually, in the event of repetitive contractions with muscle fatigue . Some of the risk factors for muscle tearing include :

  • Advanced age.
  • History of tearing.
  • Practice sports such as running, athletics, tennis, or contact sports such as football, rugby, and boxing.
  • Muscular weakness.
  • Muscle stiffness.
  • Lack of flexibility.
  • Poor back function, for tears affecting the back or legs.
  • Muscle fatigue.
  • Lack of proper warm-up before sport.

Poor diet, lack of sleep, and recovery can also increase the risk of injury.

How To Treat A Torn Muscle?

The main goals of treatment are to minimize further damage, relieve pain and muscle tightness, reduce hematoma and edema, and promote healing.

Rice Protocol

The most suggested treatment following muscle injury is the RICE approach. This abbreviation represents Rest, Ice, Pressure, and Rise. The objective is to limit the hematoma of the harmed muscle and, in this manner, the size of the connective tissue scar. Cold should be applied irregularly for 15-20 minutes, 3-5 times daily. Heat isn’t suggested for muscle tears.

I am raising the harmed leg or arm limits, expanding and advancing venous return. Furthermore, wearing a pressure piece of clothing, for example, pressure stockings for tears influencing the legs, like the calf or thigh, might be suggested.


The aftereffects of the adequacy of mitigating medications or balms in easing muscle tearing are clashing. Inflammatories don’t show more impact on diminishing torment than paracetamol. In any case, they make more side impacts, including intensifications of asthma, gastrointestinal and renal secondary effects, hypertension, and others.

This way, taking the enemy of inflammatories isn’t suggested 48 hours after muscle injury. Early use might obstruct the maintenance and redesigning of recovering muscle. Two days after the injury, paracetamol can assuage torment. Drawn-out utilization of NSAIDs (over seven days) isn’t suggested, as it will postpone muscle mending.

Natural Remedies

Among the natural remedies that can be recommended to relieve a muscle tear, we can mention:

  • Turmeric (curcumin) may reduce inflammation and improve muscle recovery.
  • Collagen, which may help repair muscle and connective tissue.
  • Essential oils, such as lavender, eucalyptus, or peppermint, for their pain-relieving action.

However, massaging the torn muscle is not recommended for the first few days. If you wish to apply an essential oil, the massage must remain superficial, without pressing on the muscle, to make the oil penetrate the skin next to the painful area.

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Return To Walking And Activity

Rest with delayed immobilization of the harmed muscle can prompt over-the-top scarring, disrupting legitimate recuperating. Accordingly, the underlying immobilization should be short, trailed by early activation, to direct muscle filaments’ recovery while restricting attachments.

In this way, the resumption of strolling is suggested when the aggravation permits it, and it very well may be finished involving props in case of a tear in one leg. Moreover, all non-horrendous and non-difficult games can be worked on: cycling, swimming, circular preparation, and muscle fortifying of unaffected muscles.


The act of recovery activities ought to be completed rapidly following a muscle tear, after a rest time of 1 to 3 days, contingent upon the seriousness of the injury. Early activation speeds muscle fiber fix, and the muscle may get back to its pre-physical issue level of solidarity rapidly.

The activities should be begun continuously, first in isometric (static), then, at that point, by working the scope of movement. These activities should be performed without torment and regulated by a well-being proficient, for example, a physiotherapist or a games specialist.


The medical procedure must be suggested under specific circumstances, especially in case of an unreasonable intramuscular hematoma, complete tearing of the muscle, or tireless agony 4 to a half years after the tear. After the medical procedure, the worked appendage is often cast and immobilized in an unbiased situation with support.

Healing Time

Once the muscle tear has occurred, healing progresses through 3 distinct phases :

  • Destroying damaged muscle fibers (1 to 3 days).
  • Repair of injured fibers (3 to 4 weeks).
  • Remodeling of muscle tissue (3 to 6 months).

The muscle tear is considered healed when:

  • The pain is no longer present, both at rest and during activity.
  • Muscle strength returned to normal.
  • Mobility is complete, without any restrictions.

Thus, resuming sport is possible, and timelines vary depending on the severity of the tear :

  • Mild muscle tear or simple elongation (grade 1), between 5 and 7 days.
  • Partial muscle tears or strain (grade 2), between 2 and 5 weeks.
  • Complete muscle injury (grade 3) requires two or more recovery months.


Some tips can help prevent muscle tears, including:

  • I am practicing muscle-strengthening exercises all year round, mainly for athletes, to prevent muscle weakness.
  • Plan your training to manage the training load, be progressive, and plan recovery periods.
  • Warm up well before exercise.
  • Stay hydrated throughout the day and during exercise, as dehydration increases the risk of developing muscle damage.
  • Consume a healthy, balanced diet, including enough calories, protein, anti-inflammatory foods, and antioxidants.
  • Avoid alcohol, which interferes with muscle recovery and tissue healing.

Other Muscle Pain

When you are an athlete, many muscle pains can result from physical exertion without necessarily being a muscle tear. This is particularly the case in the event of:

  • A muscle cramp or contracture is a sudden, involuntary contraction of one or more of your muscles.
  • Aches, muscle pain that sets in 24 to 72 hours after intense exercise due to the breakdown of muscle fibers.
  • A contusion is a muscle lesion following a more or less violent impact on the muscle.

Also Read: Stretching: 5 Exercises To Gain Flexibility!


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